History Legends Championships Yankee Stadium The Rivalry

History

Establishment

The New York Yankees organization was founded in Baltimore Maryland in the year 1901. This team known as the Orioles was managed and owned by John McGraw. In 1903, owners and managers of the American League voted to move the team to New York City. They originally wanted to be based in New York, but because the New York Giants were already established, they were put in Baltimore. This changed in 1903 when the Baltimore Orioles moved to New York and became known as the the New York Highlanders. This name would change to the Yankees in 1913. The Highlanders first stadium was at Hilltop Park in northern Manhattan. In 1913 the Highlanders changed to the Yankees, and moved into their new stadium, the Polo Grounds. They shared this stadium with the New York Giants.

 

 

 

 

 

The Golden Age

In the early 1920's, the Yankees expanded their payroll and recieved a number of great players, especially from the Red Sox organization. (They were trading players for large sums of money) The biggest acquisition came in the form of Babe Ruth. This would lead to a "curse" for the Red Sox that would last for 86 years, and sparked a rivalry between the two American League teams. This was also known as the curse of the Bambino. In 1923, the Yankees got a new home: Yankee Stadium. They won the World Series in their first year in the park, and there would be many to come. In 1927, the Yankees featured a lineup known as "Murderers' Row". This was the first six batters in the lineup that struck fear into the heart of every opposing pitcher. It included Earle Combs, Mark Koenig, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Bob Meusel, and Tony Lazzeri. The Yankees dominated baseball in this era, winning 20 World Series titles between the years 1923 to 1962. This age saw players such as Mickey Mantle, Joe DiMaggio, Yogi Berra, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Phil Rizzuto, and Whitey Ford. These are all still household names to this day.

 

 

 

 

Post-Golden Age

After the 1962 season, the Yankees success went dramatically down. In 1966, the Yankees finished in last place in the American League East, and next-to-last the following year in 1967. This sharp decline was due in part to new ownership in the front office, and the introduction of the major league amateur draft, which meant the Yankees could not sign whatever players that they wanted. Also, it was very difficult all of the superstars from the previous Golden Age. Many of these star players retired at relativily the same time, which left the Yankees with very little team leadership and talent. The tides turned in 1973 when George Steinbrenner purchased the team. He was very determined to both achieve success and to renovate the stadium. The Yankees moved to Shea Stadium for two seasons while renovations were made on Yankee Stadium. In 1975, former player Billy Martin was hired as manager, and in 1976 reached the World Series but lost. The Yankees were then led to back-to-back World Series championships in 1977 and 1978 by players such as Reggie Jackson and Thurman Munson. After this, the Yankees went up and down year by year.

 

 

 

 

Dynasty to Present

In 1995, a new Yankee Manager was hired by Steinbrenner: Joe Torre. In the 1996 season, the Yankees once again rose to their classic greatness that had existed during the Golden Age. With players such as Derek Jeter, Mariano Rivera, and Jorge Posada, the team finally had some young talent. Even though they were heavy under dogs in the 1996 series, the Yankees came back from a two game deficit to win the World Series. Brian Cashman was introduced as the new General Manager in 1997, and was dedicated like Steinbrenner, to success. The 1998 Yankees are widely considered the best overall team in baseball history. During that season they won a record 114 games, while only losing 48. They won three series in a row in 1998, 1999, and 2000. This has been considered a dynasty, and the Yankees had finally returned to their old ways. Over the last eight years, the Yankees have made it to the playoffs every year, with exception in 2008. The Yankees recieved a new manager in 2008, and aquired new stars in 2009. The Yankees won the World Series in 2009, boosting their total World Series victories to twenty Seven.

 

 

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