Medical Research

NASA has an ongoing partnership with the National Space Biomedical Research Institute to assist in alleviating the numerous debilitating conditions that astronauts undergo in microgravity. Cardiovascular issues, skeletal degeneration, radiation exposure, and psychological changes are all experienced by astronauts working in space, and NSBRI is working to reduce all of their effects so as to reduce mission failures due to astronauts being unable to work. Some examples of this are strict fitness regimens and cholesterol-lowering medication to prevent coronary artery disease, bolstering bone strength in space to reduce the inevitable bone and muscle loss experienced, and programs to ensure cooperation and friendly climates among crews to reduce the psychological effects of being in a confined space for so long. These programs are integral to any future missions humanity wishes to make to areas outside our immediate area, as even missions to Mars would require revolutionary medical procedures to keep human system running as they would on Earth. Microgravity is such a large change for astronauts, physically and mentally, that it would be necessary to have strict diet and exercise regimens as well as psychological support available for all passengers.


Climate Studies

With the shrinking of the ozone layer all around the Earth but more visibly in the polar regions, the EOS was conceived as a means to study the climate changes in these areas and consists of several coordinated satellites that measure measure ozone levels, radiation, cloud levels, precipitation, and atmospheric chemistry. There are currently 15 missions in orbit around the Earth and 6 more completed. With the shrinking of the ozone layer all around the Earth, but more visibly in the polar regions, the EOS is able to study the climate changes in these areas and consists of several coordinated satellites that measure measure ozone levels, radiation, cloud levels, precipitation, and atmospheric chemistry. There are currently 15 missions in orbit around the Earth and 6 more completed.


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