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Wiring isn't just putting wires into a box and putting power in it. It requires planning and thought in order to not short or break any component. A short is to make an electronic circuit inoperable by establishing a fault in it. This occurs when electricity is too strong for the circuit or there is a faster route in the wiring making its inner wiring melt or not doing the desired result.
One of the quickest ways to make a circuit is by taking a breadboard and having the wires go like the picture below.
When wiring there are 3 basic rules to any circuit:
Never give more power to it than needed, such as with the property of using 200 watts of power to turn on a lightbulb that only needs 20.
Always have some sort of output; ie, don’t just take a wire and plug it back into the power source, it will either fry, melt, or catch fire.
Make sure that the power flow is going the right way. Electricity can only go one way, so if you're using a motor then you can reverse the direction it is going by reversing where the electricity is coming from.